The Internet of Things permeated the healthcare industry, it has added a lot of value to a concept known as e-health. In this article you will find what are the IoT benefits for ehealth, current applications, and future of the healthcare industry thanks to IoT.
What is ehealth?
Ehealth is a concept that was born even before IoT was introduced in the market. According to the World Health Organization, “ehealth is the cost‐effective and secure use of information and communication technologies (ICT) in support of health and health‐related fields”. This includes telehealth, telemedicine, mobile health (mhealth), and electronic medical or health records (eMR/eHr).
With the growth of IoT and evolution of technology, ehealth has also encompassed wearables, big data, and artificial intelligence. This expansion of IoT made possible to create ehealth technologies that are transforming the way people can monitor their health.
Why is IoT important for ehealth?
IoT in the ehealth industry allows different parties to receive crucial information from patients and act upon that. Patients can receive information or alerts from smart medical devices in their phones that remind them of exercising, taking medication, or setting an appointment with the doctor when there are signs of illness. IoT healthcare devices make the patients commit more with their health since they feel they are in control of the situation.
Besides, hospitals may monitor patients’ health thanks to the IoT. Imagine having the possibility to track real time location of medical equipment used by the patients, or to check when these elements need maintenance, whether they need to be fixed or to be sterilized to guarantee their safety.
Through remote monitoring, hospitals and doctors can reduce the length of patients’ stay and prevent readmissions, since ehealth technologies provide useful data to make quick decisions before a person’s physical discomfort shows up. IoT also supports ehealth in showing if a patient is correctly following a treatment or not, and the doctors can call them or send alerts when that happens.
As you can see, IoT and healthcare make the perfect combination. People want to be healthy, and as long as they can wear smart devices that keep control of that, there will be more people open to using them.
Overall benefits of healthcare wearables
IoT strengthened ehealth, because now it is easier to use smart devices to improve treatments for patients, reduce costs, and establish better processes and workflows. Healthcare wearables allow doctors to make better decisions based on the information gathered from the patients.
Based on the symptoms, diseases can be diagnosed faster with the help of IoT medical devices. Therefore, there won’t be errors associated with prescribing the wrong medication or unnecessary hospitalizations. Costs will reduce for the patients and the hospitals, and the drugs and medical equipment will be better managed.
Current applications of IoT in ehealth
The most common IoT applications in the market are the ones that belong to smart bands or fitness trackers, and smartwatches. These devices look normal, but they represent wearable technology in healthcare that can be really useful for people. Fitness trackers can monitor the physical activity of its user, then, these smart medical devices provide recommendations to take care of health.
Smartwatches have evolved, and now they can measure a lot of the user’s vitals. For example, Apple launched in 2020 the Apple’s Series 6 watch. It has the possibility to monitor blood oxygen saturation, sleep rhythms, electrocardiogram sensor, and heart health.
On the other hand, there is a company called Siren Care, they developed diabetic socks that track the foot temperature of diabetic foot ulcers patients through an app. The material of the socks is a smart textile with sensors for ulcer detection and amputation prevention.
ADAMM Intelligent Asthma Monitoring is an ehealth technology created by Health care Originals that can be attached to the torso and prevents dangerous asthma attacks by monitoring the patient’s health before the symptoms appear. This device transfers all the information wirelessly to a phone or the doctor that is in charge of the patient.
The examples mentioned above are just a small part of the IoT in healthcare, there are a lot more devices that can be mentioned here and that are saving lives as you read this article.
Future of ehealth and IoT
Nowadays, users and doctors can get information on cardiovascular, digestive, renal, immune, muscular, nervous, endocrine, reproductive, respiratory and skeletal systems thanks to IoT. Having this information may have seemed like science fiction 30 or 40 years ago.
Wearables have grown (and they will keep doing it), now that you understand how these IoT devices have boosted ehealth, imagine the medical wearables that could be created in the near future and the information they may obtain.
We hope you enjoyed this article, we believe there is still a lot to be invented in ehealth industry. If you have any ideas that you would like to try, don’t hesitate to contact DeepSea Developments. We can help you design, and develop your device.